homicide, manslaughter, murder

Homicide, the killing of one human being by another, is a general term that includes manslaughter and murder. Homicide and manslaughter are synonyms in general use, although, in legal terms, manslaughter is referred to as the unlawful killing of a human being but without premeditated (aforethought) intent. Murder is the killing of a person with malice aforethought. Special statutory definitions and degrees of murder are common in the United States. The killing of someone, whether accidental or planned, is homicide: an accidental death from a traffic occurrence is homicide. Some legal jurisdictions would hold that a traffic death caused by careless driving would be manslaughter but one resulting from the fault of the victim would be homicide. Murder is generally a killing planned ahead and committed with deliberate intent.

Dictionary of problem words and expressions. . 1975.

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  • homicide — ho·mi·cide / hä mə ˌsīd, hō / n [Latin homicidium, from homo human being + caedere to cut, kill] 1: a person who kills another 2: the killing of one human being by another compare manslaughter, murder …   Law dictionary

  • homicide — The killing of one human being by the act, procurement, or omission of another. A person is guilty of criminal homicide if he purposely, knowingly, recklessly or negligently causes the death of another human being. Criminal homicide is murder,… …   Black's law dictionary

  • homicide — The killing of one human being by the act, procurement, or omission of another. A person is guilty of criminal homicide if he purposely, knowingly, recklessly or negligently causes the death of another human being. Criminal homicide is murder,… …   Black's law dictionary

  • manslaughter — See homicide. See homicide, manslaughter, murder …   Dictionary of problem words and expressions

  • murder — See homicide. See homicide, manslaughter, murder …   Dictionary of problem words and expressions

  • homicide — See homicide, manslaughter, murder …   Dictionary of problem words and expressions

  • manslaughter — man·slaugh·ter / man ˌslȯ tər/ n: the unlawful killing of a human being without malice compare homicide, murder involuntary manslaughter: manslaughter resulting from the failure to perform a legal duty expressly required to safeguard human life …   Law dictionary

  • murder — mur·der 1 / mər dər/ n [partly from Old English morthor; partly from Old French murdre, of Germanic origin]: the crime of unlawfully and unjustifiably killing another under circumstances defined by statute (as with premeditation); esp: such a… …   Law dictionary

  • homicide — [häm′ə sīd΄, hō′məsīd΄] n. 1. [ME < OFr < LL homicidium, manslaughter, murder < L homicida, murderer < homo, a man (see HOMO1) + caedere, to cut, kill: see CIDE] any killing of one human being by another: cf. MURDER, MANSLAUGHTER 2.… …   English World dictionary

  • Murder (Peruvian law) — Murder in Peru is classified into 4 major categories: First Degree Murder with Special Circumstances is murder committed with aggravating circumstances, murder of special persons, or multiple murders and is punishable with a mandatory life… …   Wikipedia


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